Finally, deforestation contributes to climate change, the ramifications of which endanger all apes. The future of forests and orangutans Pongo abelii in Sumatra: Predicting impacts of oil palm plantations, road construction and mechanisms for reducing carbon emissions from deforestation.
Roads and log-pounds are built using heavy equipment, compacting and exposing the soil; trees must be felled, crushing neighbouring trees, and then dragged around, damaging other trees.
Many more species are affected by processes such as logging and land clearing for agriculture and housing than by invasive species, disease or other threats. For example, historically orangutans could be found as far north as southern China, and as far south as the Indonesian island of Java Jablonski et al.
It often results in the extinction of species and, as a result, the loss of biodiversity.
Many endemic organisms have very specific requirements for their survival that can only be found within a certain ecosystem, resulting in their extinction. Governmental leaders need to take action by addressing the underlying driving forces, rather than merely regulating the proximate causes.
Nationally, we invest a large amount of resources relative to other threats in creating predator-proof havens for threatened animals to keep feral predators out of key areas.
Crucially, where we have purchased land to safeguard it, the rights have then been entrusted to local ownership as soon as our partners have been equipped with the necessary skills and capacity to manage these sites independently.
Poverty, consumption and land-use patterns contribute to the degradation of marine habitats and to the destruction of the species that rely on them to survive.