The character of francis macomber in the short happy life of francis macomber by ernest hemingway

Meyers, Jeffrey.

the short happy life of francis macomber masculinity

By now, Wilson fully sympathizes with Macomber. The Cape Buffalo is a large, horned creature that is considered by hunters to be the most dangerous of all African big game.

The short happy life of francis macomber theme

For example, Margot points out that the face of Robert Wilson, the safari guide, is red from too much sun ; Francis Macomber replies that his face is also red; however, his is red from embarrassment. However, members of the safari are acting as though "nothing had happened. But both, first Wilson, and then Margot, reject his drink suggestions and choose gimlets instead. The second technique Hemingway employs is simile and metaphor. Seeing the water buffalo, Macomber shoots and Wilson congratulates him on his fine shooting: "You shot damn well. Macomber and his wife are wealthy Americans hoping to revitalize their sometimes-foundering marriage with a romantic African safari and Wilson is a jaded Englishman who runs safaris for wealthy tourists for a living. They find three and chase them in their car. This appears to be the last straw, pushing him over the edge. In the first scene, Macomber bolts; in the second, he stands his ground and proves his courage. When Macomber wounds a lion but does not kill it, Wilson insists that they go into the brush to find and kill it, in spite of the dangers presented by tracking a wounded, and therefore crazed, lion. He was born in in Oak Park, Illinois, where he was raised. The lion bounds away, and Macomber and Wilson follow him, although Macomber is reluctant to kill the beast. He senses her complexity. For once in their lives, husband and wife are both on the same side, shooting at the same bull.

The only shot is straight into the nose. Wilson actually has little respect for Macomber, but hides this fact.

the short happy life of francis macomber summary

In the subsequent description of the charge of the buffalo we read:. If he were to report that the death of Macomber was not an accident, there would have to be an extensive investigation in which all sorts of hunting code violations would be open for investigation, and Wilson could very possibly lose his license.

Francis knows that Margot is stalking Wilson, and Wilson realizes that Francis knows who Margot's prey is.

the short happy life of francis macomber characters

Wilson outlines for Macomber the best shot with which to kill the buffalo. The latter is something she first desires but then fears.

The short happy life of francis macomber story pdf

Macomber and Wilson fire a volley of shots and bring down all three. Ironically, the presence of a guide does not protect Francis Macomber but compels him to assume a persona of bravado that leads him to his death. Wilson both kills Francis' wounded lion and has sex with his unhappy wife. In the estimation of critic Kenneth G. But instead she risks all—marriage, money, reputation, freedom—by firing to save her husband, who has finally become the sort of man she has been desperately seeking all along. Of all of Hemingway's short stories, this one captures Hemingway's genius for combining exciting subject matter the great game hunt with death. To leave the camp is to leave the world of comfort and luxury that the Macombers normally enjoy. Instead of fear, he has a feeling of elation. On the return trip, however, after his public display of cowardice, he sits in the back, while Wilson, who stood his ground before the charge of the wounded lion, sits in the front, in the seat of authority. Heretofore, he has not been man enough to command her fidelity; the kiss that she bestows on Wilson after the lion episode and her sharing his double cot that night are her tribute to a man of courage. The all-seeing, all-knowing narrator even shares with us the thoughts and the vision of the wounded lion. Particularly relevant here is a passage about the cape buffalo from a work of Denis D. Macomber even commands his wife to shut up during the interlude in the buffalo hunt. Thus Macomber's cowardice in this scene is the central motivating force for the entire story.

The accepted wisdom is that Hemingway was a chauvinist and possibly a misogynist; women in his stories are obstacles to their male counterparts rather than positive contributors to the action.

She is a lioness who has killed one man, and in her frame of mind is very dangerous to other men. When Macomber discovers that they will have to confront the wounded lion, which is extremely dangerous, Macomber offers all kinds of excuses for not participating in the hunt.

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The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber